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Book References For A Research Paper

   

A book

In-text:           (Sternberg, 1993) 

Multiple works by the same author in the same year are distinguished by adding a letter to the date. For example (Priest, 1990a) (Priest, 1990b).

 

Reference:     Sternberg, R. J. (1993). The psychologist's companion (2nd ed.). Cambridge UK:
                      
                                    Cambridge University Press.

 Multiple works by the same author in the same year are distinguished by adding a letter to the date. For example (Priest, 1990a) (Priest, 1990b).

A book with two authors

In-text:             (Smith & Jones, 1948, pp. 45-46)

Reference:      Smith, F. J., & Jones, E. (1948). A scheme of qualitative organic analysis. 
                 
                                     London: Blackie.

 

A book with three to five authors

In-text:            (Fischer, Demetriou, & Dawson, 1992, Chapter 3)

If citing for the second time list the first author et al., and then the year eg. (Fischer et al., 1992)

Reference:     Fischer, K., Demetriou, A., & Dawson, T. L. (1992). The development of mental processing: efficiency,working memory and thinking.

                         Boston, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

 

A book with six or seven authors

For works with six or more authors cite the first author only followed by et al. within the text, however include all authors in the reference list entry.

In-text:             (Jones et al., 1992, p. 102)

Reference:    Jones, K. K., Peters, F., Ho, L., Wang, W., Reddy, F.P., & Smyth, R. (1992). Advances  in mental processing: Memory and thinking. Sydney,                                 NSW: Apex.

In the reference list single authors go before multiple authors, for example:

Fischer, K. W., (1992, p. 7)... before Fischer, K., Demetriou, A., & Dawson, T. L. (1992, p. 89)....

For books with eight or more authors
For books with eight or more authors cite the first six authors followed by an ellipsis and then the final author in the reference list entry.

*Rule is also applicable for journal articles with more than seven authors (see p. 198 of the American Psychological Association Publication Manual 2010)

In text: (Midgley et al., 2000).

Reference: Midgley, C., Maehr, M. L., Hruda, L., Anderman, E. M., Freeman, K. E., Gheen, M., ... Urdan, T. (2000). Manual for the patterns of adaptive learning scales (PALS). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.

 

Ebooks or Electronic Books

If a DOI (Digital object identifier) is available use the DOI, otherwise state 'Availalbe from' and use the URL of the home page of the book or report.

 

Electronic version of a print book

In-text:              (Furlong,Gilman, & Huebner, 2009, p. 7)

Reference:      Furlong, M., Gilman, R., & Huebner, S. (2009). Handbook of positive psychology. [Electronic edition].

                                      Avialalbe from http://www.utas.eblib.com.au.ezproxy.utas.edu.au/EBLWeb/patron/

In-text:              (Schiraldi, 2001)

Reference:       Schiraldi, G.R. (2001).  The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook:  A guide to healing, recovery, and growth

                              [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722

Electronic-only book

In-text:              (O'Keefe, E. n.d., p. 7)

Reference:       O'Keefe, E. (n.d.). Egoism & the crisis in Western values. Available from http://www.onlineoriginlas.com/showitem.asp?itemID=135

 

Edited book

In-text:              (Hartman, 1994)

The editor's name occupies the author position for the in-text citation.


References:    Hartman, G. H. E. (Ed.). (1994). Holocaust remembrance: The shapes of memory. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

 

Chapter in an edited or non-edited collection

In-text:                (Bjork, 1989)

References:      Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L. Roediger & F.I.M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory and consciousness (pp. 309-330). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.


For a non-edited collection just include the word ‘In' prior to the book title.


Information for:

  • authors in In-text references taken from American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010, p. 177).
  • references for books taken from American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010, pp. 202-205).

General Format 

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname [of Article], Year)

     

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname [of Article], Year, page number)

 

      References (Quotation):

      Author Surname [of Article], First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title.

            In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Surname (Ed.), Reference book title: Subtitle

            (# ed. edition, Vol. volume #, pp. page range of article). Place of Publication:

            Publisher.

  

Example

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

      (Lindgren, 1994)

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Lindgren, 1994, p.468)

 

      References:

      Lindgren, H. C. (1994). Stereotyping. In Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 3, pp.

            468-469). New York, NY: Wiley.

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