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Mm Music Definition Essay

Courses

MUST 5001. Diatonic Harm. Review. 1 Credit Hour.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5002. Chromatic Harm. Review. 1 Credit Hour.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5003. Counterpoint Review. 1 Credit Hour.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5004. Grad Aural Theory Review. 3 Credit Hours.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5005. Remedial Studies in Music History. 1 to 5 Credit Hour.

Designed as remedial study in Music History for graduate students. May be taken by undergraduate Music majors with approval of the advisor and instructor. Variable scheduling.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5105. Remedial Studies in Jazz History. 1 to 5 Credit Hour.

Designed as remedial study in Jazz History for graduate students. Variable scheduling.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5106. Remedial Studies in Jazz Theory. 1 to 5 Credit Hour.

Designed as remedial study in Music Jazz Theory for graduate students. Variable scheduling.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5111. Seminar in Jazz History. 3 Credit Hours.

A detailed advanced survey of issues current in the research and scholarship of Jazz History. The focus is upon the completion of an individual research project suitable for publication.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5115. Seminar in Jazz Arranging. 3 Credit Hours.

An advanced survey of the current trends and traditional practices in jazz arranging with an emphasis upon theoretical and practical approaches and applications in small and large ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5701. Research in Music. 3 Credit Hours.

Survey of primary reference tools, monumental editions and collected works, periodicals, histories, theoretical treatises, iconography, organology, and other bibliographic materials. Term paper written under supervision.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5704. Music in History. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced survey of the music of the Classic and Romantic periods and the 20th century.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5705. Music in History. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced survey of the history, style, and musical forms from antiquity through the Renaissance.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5713. Canon and Fugue. 3 Credit Hours.

The development of technique in imitative style and an ability to construct phrase and sectional forms in canonic and fugal style.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5716. Composing Music for Films. 3 Credit Hours.

Students use MIDI equipment and software to compose music for synchronization to film and video. Vocabulary and technology of film production and an understanding of the function of music in documentary and experimental film and video are taught. Includes lab component to develop sequencing skills.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5719. MIDI. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to advanced use of MIDI technology, including basic synthesis, sound design, sequencing, and sampling.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5720. New Music Seminar. 2 Credit Hours.

Seminar in the use of electronic devices such as cellphones, tablets, and laptop computers for music creation and performance. For students enrolled in the 4+1 option in Music Technology.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Music Technology.
Degree Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Degrees: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5721. Computer Music Studio. 3 Credit Hours.

Extensive, independent compositional activity with computer synthesis.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5724. Printing Musical Scores and Parts. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is for music students, particularly composers, who wish to become proficient with music engraving software. At the conclusion of the course, a student should be able to create scores and parts that conform to prevailing professional standards for music engraving. Course topics include a brief history of musical notation, historical methods of music printing, computer concepts such as scalable fonts and PostScript, score layout, and formatting conventions. In addition to periodic assignments, the course requires a written mid-term examination and a final project. Additional projects required for graduate students.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5725. Computers in Music Applications. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced theory and practice of digital synthesis of musical sound. Sampling theory, additive synthesis, and modulation synthesis are examined using models.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5726. Computer Synthesis. 3 Credit Hours.

Certain musical applications of digital computers, including digital recording, digital sound synthesis, speech synthesis, and various real-time applications. The Csound and PureData applications are used throughout.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5728. Advanced Audio Production. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced Audio Production will focus on advanced skills of audio production, based on skills learned in Sound Editing (MUST 4714). Work will be done on the most common Digital Audio Workstation, Pro Tools, but is applicable to all DAWs.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5740. Seminar in Composition. 3 Credit Hours.

Guidance toward realization of individual creative concepts in music and critical evaluation of the results.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5741. Analytical Techniques. 3 Credit Hours.

This course develops techniques for the analysis and understanding of music's expressive structure. Its primary goal is to develop greater comprehension of frequently encountered compositional forms and devices as found in great works of literature. A second goal is to provide a basic introduction to some of the current methods of theoretical analysis of music (which will probably be new or less familiar to most students). A third goal is to relate analysis to performance; in other words, how can analysis lead to a more informed performance? The course is divided into eight parts of primarily 2-week sections—I: Contrapuntal Procedures; II: Harmonic Forms; III: Schenkerian Analysis; IV: Rhythm, Meter, and Hypermeter; V: Hermeneutic Approaches; VI. Twentieth-Century Techniques and Jazz; VII. Set Theory and Twelve-Tone Theory; VIII. Grand Finale.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5742. Seminar in Theoretical Analysis. 3 Credit Hours.

Investigation of theoretical and analytical problems in music, including theories of Heinrich Schenker and others as pertinent to particular faculty concerns.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5743. Seminar in Stylistic Analysis. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced study of compositional techniques, composers, analytical techniques, and/or genres. Seminar subject areas may include Bartok's theory and practice, Stravinsky's Russian Period, Analytical Techniques, Lied, Analysis of Opera, Mozart's Piano Concerti, Music of Debussy and Messaien, current trends in analysis, American Neo-classicism, serialists, and others.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5744. Seminar in Stylistic Analysis. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced study of compositional techniques, composers, analytical techniques, and/or genres. Seminar subject areas may include Bartok's theory and practice, Stravinsky's Russian Period, Analytical Techniques, Lied, Analysis of Opera, Mozart's Piano Concerti, Music of Debussy and Messaien, current trends in analysis, American Neo-classicism, serialists, and others.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5745. Seminar in Stylistic Analysis. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced study of compositional techniques, composers, analytical techniques, and/or genres. Seminar subject areas may include Bartok's theory and practice, Stravinsky's Russian Period, Analytical Techniques, Lied, Analysis of Opera, Mozart's Piano Concerti, Music of Debussy and Messaien, current trends in analysis, American Neo-classicism, serialists, and others.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5746. Seminar in Stylistic Analysis. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced study of compositional techniques, composers, analytical techniques, and/or genres. Seminar subject areas may include Bartok's theory and practice, Stravinsky's Russian Period, Analytical Techniques, Lied, Analysis of Opera, Mozart's Piano Concerti, Music of Debussy and Messaien, current trends in analysis, American Neo-classicism, serialists, and others.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5749. Current Topics in Musicology and Theory. 3 Credit Hours.

A detailed survey of issues driving current research in musicology and music theory. A required foundation course for graduate students in musicology/theory, Current Topics is also open to other graduate students with an interest in these disciplines. Although the course begins with a brief history of these two disciplines, the emphasis for most of the semester is on the various methodologies and issues now in circulation. The conclusion of the course focuses on individual research projects, where students begin an intense study of an area of interest to them. This study culminates in the writing of a proposal, suitable to form the basis of a thesis paper or publishable research.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 5754. Music in the Classical Period. 3 Credit Hours.

Examination of stylistic trends and representative works of pre-classic composers; detailed study of Haydn and Mozart.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5755. Music in the Romantic Period. 3 Credit Hours.

An examination of music from the first half of the 19th century in the context of new social conditions, literary Romanticism, bourgeois audiences, and the changing role of the artist.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5756. Music in the Twentieth Century 1900-1945. 3 Credit Hours.

An examination of stylistic trends in vocal and instrumental music composed from 1900 through World War II.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5762. Music Technology. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced exploration of hardware and software that can be used to create, teach, and interact with music. Provides systematic, hands-on applications of computer hardware and software to music-specific activities and tasks, including audio editing, music notation, and multimedia presentations. The Final Project demonstrates the student's ability to create and store on CD-ROM and/or DVD a complete musical project using a variety of file formats, and audio and video production software.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5763. Analog and Modular Sound Synthesis. 3 Credit Hours.

This class examines the history and techniques of making music with analog and modular synthesizers. Students gain sound sculpting and composition skills using several analog and modular synthesizers. Skills include learning how the modules in an analog synthesizer work and can be linked together and into a larger system to produce a vast palette of timbres. Students also develop an ability to recognize different analog synthesis techniques by ear, and compose several short pieces of music using sounds they create. Students acquire an understanding of how analog synthesizers are used in and have shaped many musical genres.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5764. Scoring for Film and Digital Media. 3 Credit Hours.

Students will learn the aesthetics, terminology, procedures, and technical aspects of scoring for the visual medium. They will develop an understanding of the software used to synchronize original music to film and video, including MIDI, sample libraries, and sequencing. Students will complete projects that focus on a broad range of techniques, such as spotting, click tracks, understanding dramatic narrative, and scoring under dialogue. Further understanding of scoring techniques will occur through analysis of significant examples from the film music literature. Students will gain a fundamental understanding of the film industry, including how to identify and secure opportunities for scoring, the basics of how to approach the logistics of a feature-length film, budgeting, and the personnel involved in projects large and small. The role of music in other visual media, such as video games, theatrical production, and interactive media, will be briefly explored.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5765. Scoring and Audio Design for Video Games. 3 Credit Hours.

Students gain a basic understanding of composing interactive music and designing audio for video games. Students will become proficient in the software involved in this process, including a DAW, middleware, and game distribution. The vocabulary and technology of audio production are taught, as well as an understanding of the function of music in interactive media. The business skills necessary to enter and develop a successful career in game audio will be explored. The course contains a laboratory component in which students develop sequencing skills and work with synchronized animation.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5773. Digital Signal Processing for Music. 3 Credit Hours.

An investigation of Digital Signal Processing for Music. This course employs lectures, demonstrations, and interactive software to enable students to understand the ways sound is represented by digital signals, and how to transform those signals through mathematical operations.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5774. Hearing Music: Acoustics and Psychoacoustics of Music. 3 Credit Hours.

A seminar on the psychoacoustics of music, based partly on Perry Cook's collection of essays: "Music, Cognition and Computerized Sound." This course employs lectures and demonstrations to enable students to understand the physics of sound and the perceptual characteristics of the Human Auditory System. Taken together, acoustics and psychoacoustics provide the student with an understanding of why music has the qualities it has, and how sound makers can utilize that knowledge to be more successful in their chosen fields.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5775. Seminar in Audio Software Design. 4 Credit Hours.

Students will learn advanced mathematical and programming techniques for digital audio signal processing and software design. Topics covered will include spectral audio programming, algorithmic synthesis, compiling, MIDI, OSC, mobile applications, live processing, and software architecture.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Music Technology.
Degree Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Degrees: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 5776. Seminar in Physical Computing and Electronic Instrument Design. 4 Credit Hours.

Students will learn the advanced concepts needed for physical computing and electronic instrument design, including basic circuitry and programming. Topics covered will include direct digital synthesis, audio input and output, MIDI, sensors, microcontrollers, and real-time control.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Music Technology.
Degree Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Degrees: Bachelor of Science, Master of Science.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8100. Jazz Ensemble. 1 Credit Hour.

Weekly rehearsals of variously-sized groups culminating in an end of semester performance. Advanced course material from the standard jazz canon and new compositions.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Jazz Studies.
Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8104. Jazz Major. 3 Credit Hours.

Private lessons for graduate jazz studies majors, instrumental, vocal, composition or arranging. One-hour lesson each week. Culminates in full recital during final year of study. Students are required to perform or teach private lessons outside the university, subject to availability and/or scheduling conflicts with other Boyer courses or obligations.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Jazz Studies.
Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8110. Jazz Ensemble II. 1 Credit Hour.

Weekly rehearsals culminating in an end of semester performance. Course material from the standard jazz canon and new compositions.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Jazz Studies.
Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8111. Seminar in Jazz History. 3 Credit Hours.

A detailed advanced survey of issues current in the research and scholarship of Jazz History. The focus is upon the completion of an individual research project suitable for publication.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8112. Seminar in Jazz Improvisation. 3 Credit Hours.

An advanced survey of the current trends and traditional practices in jazz improvisation with an emphasis upon theoretical approaches and applications in small ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8113. Seminar in Jazz Composition. 3 Credit Hours.

An advanced survey of the current trends and traditional practices in jazz composition with an emphasis upon theoretical and practical approaches and applications in small ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8114. Jazz Major. 3 Credit Hours.

Private lessons for graduate jazz studies majors, instrumental, vocal, composition or arranging. One-hour lesson each week. Culminates in full recital during final year of study. Students are required to perform or teach private lessons outside the university, subject to availability and/or scheduling conflicts with other Boyer courses or obligations.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Jazz Studies.
Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8115. Seminar in Jazz Arranging. 3 Credit Hours.

An advanced survey of the current trends and traditional practices in jazz arranging with an emphasis upon theoretical and practical approaches and applications in small and large ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8120. Special Topics in Jazz History. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Advanced focus upon the work of a jazz artist or composer or a particular style or period culminating in a paper suitable for publication.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8124. Jazz Major. 3 Credit Hours.

Private lessons for graduate jazz studies majors, instrumental, vocal, composition or arranging. One-hour lesson each week. Culminates in full recital during final year of study. Students are required to perform or teach private lessons outside the university, subject to availability and/or scheduling conflicts with other Boyer courses or obligations.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Jazz Studies.
Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8130. Special Topics in Jazz Theory. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Advanced theoretical analysis of the work of a composer or a stylistic period culminating in a paper suitable for publication.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8140. Special Topics in Jazz Improvisation. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Advanced concepts of jazz improvisation for use in small ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8150. Special Topics in Jazz Composition. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Advanced focus upon the development of a portfolio of jazz compositions suitable for publication.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8160. Special Topics in Jazz Pedagogy. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Advanced analysis and application of current techniques and practices in jazz pedagogy.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8170. Special Topics in the Business of Music. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Advanced business and entrepreneurship strategies for music performers.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8180. Special Topics in Music. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8184. Jazz Major (Recital). 3 Credit Hours.

Private lessons for graduate jazz studies majors, instrumental, vocal, composition or arranging. One-hour lesson each week. Culminates in full recital during final year of study. Students are required to perform or teach private lessons outside the university, subject to availability and/or scheduling conflicts with other Boyer courses or obligations.

Field of Study Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Fields of study: Jazz Studies.
Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8220. Special Topics in Jazz Voice. 2 to 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced concepts in jazz vocal practice for use in both large and small ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings. Course material will be from both the standard and jazz repertoires.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8230. Special Topics in the American Songbook. 2 to 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced concepts in vocal practice for use in both large and small ensembles of various sizes and instrumental groupings. Course material will focus exclusively upon standard repertoire.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8480. Special Topics in Music. 1 to 3 Credit Hour.

Special authorization required.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8602. Intro to Ethnomusicology. 2 to 3 Credit Hours.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8700. Latin American Ensemble. 0 to 1 Credit Hours.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8701. Research in Music. 3 Credit Hours.

Survey of primary reference tools, monumental editions and collected works, periodicals, histories, theoretical treatises, iconography, organology, and other bibliographic materials. Term paper written under supervision.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8702. Introduction to Ethnomusicology. 2 to 3 Credit Hours.

An overview of the history of ethnomusicology rather than an introduction to the specific musical practices of various countries. Focuses on the origins of the discipline at the turn of the 20th century, various interests of ethnomusicologists over the years, and internal debates within the field about their relative importance. Attention is given to anthropology and cultural studies on ethnomusicology since the 1970s and its growing interdisciplinary orientation.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8703. Studies in Ethnomusicology. 3 Credit Hours.

Seminar focusing on issues prominent in present-day ethnomusicological research.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8704. Music in History. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced survey of the music of the Classic and Romantic periods and music of the 20th century.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8705. Music in History. 3 Credit Hours.

Advanced survey of the history, style, and musical forms from antiquity through the Renaissance.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8708. History of Opera. 2 to 3 Credit Hours.

A history of opera from 1600-1790. An expanded paper and/or project is assigned for students seeking 3 credits.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8709. History of Opera. 2 to 3 Credit Hours.

A continuation of MUSIC STUDIES 8708. An expanded paper and/or project is assigned for students seeking 3 credits.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8710. Early Music Ensemble. 1 Credit Hour.

An opportunity to perform music from medieval through preclassic times. Reproduction of original instruments, principles of performance practice in original form and as they emerge through modern efforts at reconstruction.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8713. Canon and Fugue. 3 Credit Hours.

The development of technique in imitative style and an ability to construct phrase and sectional forms in canonic and fugal style.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8714. Contemporary Music. 3 Credit Hours.

Late 19th- through 20th-century compositional theories and practices. Includes labs and practicums.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8715. Composition. 2 Credit Hours.

Original composition. Development of inventive ability through compositional modeling.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8716. Composing Music for Films. 3 Credit Hours.

Students use MIDI equipment and software to compose music for synchronization to film and video. Vocabulary and technology of film production and an understanding of the function of music in documentary and experimental film and video are taught. Includes lab component to develop sequencing skills.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8717. Composition. 2 Credit Hours.

Original composition. Development of inventive ability through performance in a compositional laboratory.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8719. MIDI. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the use of MIDI technology, including basic synthesis, sound design, sequencing, and sampling.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8720. New Music Seminar. 2 Credit Hours.

Seminar in the use of electronic devices such as cellphones, tablets, and laptop computers for music creation and performance.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

MUST 8721. Computer Music Studio. 3 Credit Hours.

Extensive, independent compositional activity with computer synthesis.

Level Registration Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Levels: Graduate.
College Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Colleges: Music & Dance, Boyer College.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

MUST 8724. Printing Musical Scores and Parts. 3 Credit Hours.

The Master of Music (M.M. or M.Mus.) is, as an academic title, the first graduate degree in Music awarded by universities and conservatories. The M.M. combines advanced studies in an applied area of specialization (usually performance in singing or instrument playing, composition, or conducting) with graduate-level academic study in subjects such as music history, music theory, or music pedagogy. The degree, which takes one or two years of full-time study to complete, prepares students to be professional performers, conductors, and composers, according to their area of specialization. The M.M. is often required as the minimum teaching credential for university, college, and conservatory instrumental or vocal teaching positions.

Types[edit]

The M.M. is widely available in performance (sometimes with a specialization in music teaching/pedagogy and/or music literature), composition, conducting, and, less commonly, music education. In 2005, Boston University launched an online Master of Music program in music education, the only fully online program at this level as of November 2006.[1] The music education degree may also be awarded as a more specifically titled Master of Music Education. The master's in music theory, musicology (commonly called "music history"), and ethnomusicology is typically the Master of Arts (M.A.). Nevertheless, some universities in the UK (e.g. Sheffield University) utilize the M.M. as a special research degree, in which the student undertakes original research and prepares a written thesis or similar document. Programs focusing on preparing musicians for careers in sacred music for churches and houses of worship may alternatively be called Master of Sacred Music (M.S.M.).

Components of degree[edit]

Applied studies and courses[edit]

One of the major differences between a typical M.A. degree and the M.M. is that whereas M.A. degree students often undertake original research and prepare and submit a thesis or similar research document, M.M. students focus on practical, applied areas, as set out in their M.M. area of specialization, which are typically instrumental or vocal performance, composition of new music, or conducting (the latter may focus on orchestral conducting, choral conducting, or a combination of both.

In M.M. programs, the student spends intensive lesson time with a professor. For singers and instrumentalists, this is with a voice and instrument professor, respectively. For composition students, they take coaching sessions with composer-professors. For conducting students, they get conducting coaching from a conductor-professor at the university. M.M. students typically complete applied studies, such as lessons with a professor, and take courses within their area of specialization. In many M.M. programs, all of the different M.M. streams (e.g., performance, composition, conducting) take a common core of music theory and music history courses, as these core courses are a necessary background for all three careers. The different streams may also have different required courses for each stream. For example, vocal performance students may be required to take an opera or art song class; orchestral instrumentalists may be required to take an orchestral excerpts or orchestral audition preparation class; composition students may be required to take composition courses; and conducting students may be required to take conducting, score-reading, or piano classes.

Some programs additionally require a sub-specialization in a cognate area, such as music history or performance practice, which contributes to their area of specialization. For example, a student doing an M.M. in Baroque violin might do a sub-specialization in Baroque music history (e.g., on historically authentic performance). Some institutions permit M.M. students to do a sub-specialization in a field outside music that contributes to their professional and academic goals. For example, a student completing a M.M. in piano pedagogy may be able to do a sub-specialization in the psychology of learning in the university's department of psychology or take a sub-specialization in educational methods in the university's department of education. Doing sub-specializations outside the faculty of music typically requires the approval of both the faculty of music and the other faculty (e.g., psychology, education, etc.).

Recitals and comprehensive exams[edit]

The last stage of the M.M. is usually the performance of one or two recitals and completion of comprehensive exams. Most programs require that the recitals include advanced-grade pieces that are drawn from the different eras of music history, such as Baroque-era solo suites (late 17th to mid 18th century), a Classical-era (mid to late 18th century) sonata or concerto; a Romantic-era (19th century) concerto or solo; and a Contemporary era (20th and 21st century) piece. The specific components of the recital vary between schools. Some programs allow students to include chamber pieces, in which the student plays a major role as part of a chamber group, for some of the pieces.

In some schools, students are required to give a lecture for one or both of the recitals, in which they explain the historical context or music theory or compositional issues involved in the pieces. This approach, called a lecture-recital, is designed to give students experience explaining and contextualizing the pieces or songs they perform. This skill is important for performers because many also teach or coach students, and some will go on to become professors, where they may be required to give lectures on music history, theory, or composition.

Some M.M. programs require students to pass comprehensive exams on their area of specialization and subjects such as music history and music theory. The goal of this exam is to ensure that the student has obtained a well-rounded knowledge and understanding that extends beyond their specialization. Since the M.M. is the standard minimum credential to teach applied subjects (performance or composition) at universities and conservatories, it is important that M.M. graduates have this broader understanding of music history and theory.

Admission requirements[edit]

To be admitted to a M.M. program, most institutions require an undergraduate degree or diploma in music, such as a B.M. or B.A. with a major in music, usually with a grade average of B+ or higher. M.M. programs in performance usually require a live audition that includes advanced pieces (or for singers, songs) from a wide range of styles, typically ranging from the Baroque era (1600-1750), the Classical music period (1750-1800), the Romantic music era (1800-1910) to the 20th and/or 21st century. Singers typically perform arias from operas and art songs, which are typically accompanied by a pianist. Instrumental musicians typically perform solo J.S. Bach or other unaccompanied repertoire, a movement from a sonata, and a movement from a virtuoso concerto. Instrumentalists who play [[orchestra|orchestral instruments (violin family, woodwinds, brass, etc.) may be asked to perform excerpts from the standard orchestral repertoire. Auditionees are typically told which pieces and movements to prepare; some schools even give the bar numbers or rehearsal letters (e.g., Beethoven Symphony no. 5, movement 1, bar 100 to 120).

Some institutions use videotaped recitals or performances as a pre-screening method. This approach helps to eliminate candidates who do not meet the school's minimum performance standards, and as such, it saves those candidates the time and cost of traveling to the institution for an in-person audition, and it also saves the school the cost of having a panel of professors hear the candidate on location. Some universities have multiple audition locations to reduce the traveling expenses faced by candidates. For example, a school located on the west coast of the United States might offer the option of auditioning at a central and eastern US location. The school's professors who form the audition panel travel to these other locations to hear auditionees. Some schools which normally require in-person auditions waive this requirement for students who play the larger instruments (e.g., double bass and tuba), and allow a videotape to be sent instead.

Applicants are typically asked for official transcripts from all post-secondary programs and letters of recommendation from music professors and teachers. For most graduate programs, transcripts of every program or degree are required, whether or not the degree was completed. For students who have started out, but then withdrawn from a number of programs, they may have to request transcripts from many institutions. To protect against applicants changing marks on the transcripts using forgery, most schools require that the transcripts be sent directly from the previous institution's registrar to the music school, or that the transcripts be in sealed envelopes with the other school's registrar's seal (stamp) over the closure. Some programs may also request a statement of intent/statement of purpose or another type of essay, in which the candidate explains why she wishes to be admitted, and sets out her professional, performance or career goals. Some programs may request copies of recital programs from previous performances or a list of performance experience, which may include, for orchestral instrumentalists, orchestra experience.

In some universities, candidates must also be admitted to the university's graduate school; as such, applicants may have to achieve a certain mark on standardized tests, such as the GRE. Similarly, students from countries where the official language is not that of the university may be required to achieve a certain mark on standardized language tests. For example, students applying to a US M.M. program who come from a country where English is not an official language, may be required to pass the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). Admission to M.M. programs in conducting often requires a video recording of a live rehearsal and performances as a pre-screening element. Composition programs usually require the submission of a portfolio of compositions, including scores and recordings (audio or video) of live performances.

Careers[edit]

The M.Mus degree is usually undertaken to prepare students to be professional performers (typically either singers or instrumental musicians), conductors, and composers. As such many recipients of the M.Mus. degree do not seek further formal education after they complete the M.Mus. The M.Mus. is typically the minimum credential that allows them to teach instrumental or vocal performance at universities, colleges, and conservatories (some institutions will also hire teachers who do not have the M.Mus. who hold an Artist's Diploma or similar diploma, and/or who have had a significant performing career as either a solo recitalist, chamber musician or orchestral musician). Some graduates do additional graduate or professional study in other areas, such as a law degree or medical degree. The combination of an M.Mus. and a professional degree could enable the degree holder to work in fields where music and law (or medicine) overlap. Recipients of the M.Mus. may also make use of the general education provided in the degree (e.g., in writing and researching) to get a job in government, university administration, or in the non-profit or arts administration sector.

Other recipients of the M.Mus. may go on to further graduate studies in music by continuing their M.Mus. specialization in performance or conducting at the doctoral level, by completing a DMA (Doctor of Musical Arts) degree in those areas. Some students branch out to another area of music at the PhD level, such as musicology or music theory. While PhD programs in musicology and music theory normally require an MA in music, in some cases, students with a M.Mus. in performance or composition who show strong promise may be conditionally admitted to PhD programs in musicology or music theory.

As well, some recipients of the M.Mus. degree may go on to do graduate work in another area in which music is a supporting field, such as an Ed.D. in music education (e.g., specializing in music instruction) or a master's degree in Library Science, in order to become a music reference librarian. M.Mus. graduates who wish to pursue graduate studies in an area that is not directly connected with music may be conditionally admitted to PhD programs in areas such as women's studies or sociology, subject to the condition that they complete a list of qualifying courses.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

A young cellist performing

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